Chunyu Ma1, Xu Wang1, Huifang Guan1, Ziqiao Yu2, Ping Niu3, Liming Liu3, Minghui Yan4, Xinna Wang3*, Dexi Zhao3*
1Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, 130117, China - 2Second Affiliated Hospital, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, 150040, China - 3Department of Neurology,First Affiliated Hospital to Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, 130021, China - 4Department of Recovery,Changchun Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 130052, China
Background: Stroke has the characteristics of a high disability rate, fatality rate, and high recurrence rate, and it is a public health problem worldwide. With the continuous improvement of the level of medical technology, the deepening of the understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of stroke, and the improvement of people's concept of prevention and treatment of this disease, the mortality rate of stroke in my country has dropped significantly. However, there are still many patients left with motor, cognitive, language, and other functional impairments after acute treatment (thrombolysis, antiplatelet, control of blood lipids and blood sugar, etc.), resulting in their need for a lot of help in daily life. Faced with the huge rehabilitation needs of stroke patients, a combination of new intelligent rehabilitation technologies, including virtual reality and brain-computer interface,can be adopted with traditional rehabilitation technology. This is not only a more effective treatment but also alleviates many of the limitations of conventional rehabilitation therapy, improving neuroplasticity and improving motor, cognitive, and language functions in stroke patients.
Methods: From libraries and electronic searches (Pubmed, EM-base, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wan Fang, CBM, etc.). The paper mainly focuses on the concepts and characteristics of the above-mentioned intelligent technologies and their applications in stroke motor, cognitive and speech rehabilitation.
Results: Intelligent rehabilitation technology can improve the motor, cognitive, and language functions of stroke patients.
Conclusion: Future research should strictly control the inclusion criteria of research subjects, explore the optimal timing of intervention and clear treatment options, and conduct large-sample, multi-center, and long-term follow-up randomized controlled trials. Intelligent rehabilitation technology combined with traditional Chinese medicine therapy can be further promoted. At the same time, explore the optimal timing of intervention and evidence-based treatment plans for new smart technologies, and provide new ideas for high-quality clinical trial research.
Rehabilitation, virtual reality, brain-computer interface, rehabilitation robot, stroke.