Izzet Fidanci¹, *, Hilal Aksoy¹, Duygu Ayhan Başer¹, Mustafa Cankurtaran²
1Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Ankara, Turkey - 2Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to assess the urine analysis of women aged 18-65 years with a preliminary diagnosis of urinary infection, as well as the retrospective examination of urine culture results and the status of requesting when necessary.
Materials and method: The study was completed with the retrospective evaluation of the urine analysis and urine culture results of the female patients aged between 18-65 with a pre-diagnosis of urinary infection, chosen among the patients who applied to our family practice polyclinics in our university hospital for any reason between January 1, 2015, and January 1, 2022.
Results: The study included 1624 female patients with a pre-diagnosis of urinary infection who applied to our outpatient clinic. The incidence of positive culture results was found to be 6.401 times higher in individuals with turbid urine than in those with less turbidity (p=0.017). There was a statistically significant difference in urine protein distributions according to culture request (p<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in the distribution of blood in the urine based on the culture request (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Urinary infections are easily diagnosed, and treatment can begin as soon as possible. Urine analysis is thought to be sufficient for this diagnosis, but the addition of a urine culture is suitable when necessary and significant since it may change the course of treatment. It appears appropriate to examine the clinical characteristics of the patient as well as the properties of the urine for the effective use of urine culture.
Urinary tract infections, urine, urine analysis, urine culture.