Xuhui Li, Xiujuan Chen*
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Suizhou Central Hospital, Suizhou 441300, Hubei, China
Introduction: The research analyzed the nursing effect of pregnant patients with viral hepatitis and provided guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
Material and Method: A total of 100 parturient women who were clinically diagnosed with pregnancy complicated with viral hepatitis in Suizhou Central Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were recruited. All patients were randomly assigned into an experimental (Exp) group (perinatal nursing intervention) and a control (Ctrl) group (routine nursing), with 50 cases in each group. The general information and obstetric situation of the patients were recorded. All patients underwent epidemiological examination and clinical classification, and the clinical characteristics were summarized. Then, the infection rate and treatment compliance of the two groups were analyzed and compared.
Results: The proportion of patients with gestational age greater than 28 weeks was the highest (P<0.05). No evident difference was indicated in clinical symptoms, signs, or complications between groups (P>0.05). No great difference in clinical classification was suggested between groups (P>0.05). Among the patients in Exp group and Ctrl group, the number of patients with adverse emotions was 5 cases and 15 cases, accounting for 10% and 30%, respectively. The number of patients who actively cooperated with treatment was 48 cases and 24 cases, accounting for 96% and 48%, respectively. The number of patients with infection was 1 case and 5 cases, accounting for 2% and 10%, respectively. The above differences were remarkable (P<0.05). The nursing satisfaction of Exp group was substantially higher than that of Ctrl group (P<0.05). The incidences of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), preterm infant, and postpartum hemorrhage in Ctrl group were markedly higher than those in Exp group (P<0.05). The compliance of Exp group was also substantially higher than that of Ctrl group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Perinatal nursing intervention for pregnant patients with viral hepatitis can greatly reduce the infection rate of patients, reduce tension and anxiety, and improve the enthusiasm of patients to cooperate with treatment, which has great clinical promotion value.
Pregnancy complicated with viral hepatitis, routine care, perinatal nursing intervention, curative effect.