Bo Tang, Yanfei Jia, Shihui Jiang, Xiaolu Ren, Jixing Liu, Junwei Gao*
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China
Objective: With technological developments and social progress, the use of microscopes in medicine has become common practise. However, microscopy can also be used in many surgical procedures to benefit patients. This looks at the role of microscopy for the surgical treatment of lesions of the bridge cerebellum and the relationship between the surgery and facial spasms.
Methods: Patients with microcephaly were selected and equally divided into two groups; experimental group (EG, n=12) and control group (CG, n=12). In the EG, microscopy was used to treat the lesions of the bridge cerebellum corner region, and in the control group, microcephaly area lesions were treated using traditional surgical methods, according to the principle of random distribution. After surgery, all patients were treated for eight months, during which the facial convulsions of the patients were carefully observed and the changes in facial muscle convulsions before and after the treatment were compared.
Results: After surgery, each subjects’ facial convulsions were observed and recorded. Patients in the experimental group had 12–18 facial convulsions after surgery, which was within the normal range, whereas patients in the control group had 24-32 convulsions, which exceeded the normal range.
Conclusion: The traditional surgery for bridge small brain corner lesions increases the likelihood of facial spasms. Surgery performed using microscopy to treat lesions in the pons cerebellum area can be a good way to reduce the appearance of facial spasms.
Microscope assisted, cerebellopontine angle lesions, facial spasm, muscle twitch.