Yan Wang#, Feng Wei#, Mengyan Liu, Jie Yin, Sufang Zhao*
Ward 53, Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215000, China
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of the focused solution model of psychological care in patients with leukemia during chemotherapy.
Methods: 220 leukemia patients admitted to the hematology department of our hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were selected as the study subjects, and the patients were divided into control and observation groups according to the principle of balanced comparability, with 110 cases in each group. The control group took conventional care and the observation group used focused solution model psychological care. The state of mind, coping style, cancer-caused fatigue and nursing satisfaction of patients in the two groups were compared before and after the intervention.
Results: Before the nursing intervention, there were no statistically significant differences in the state of mind scores, coping style scores and cancer-caused fatigue scores between the two groups (P>0.05). After the focused solution model psychological care intervention, patients in the observation group had higher positive mood scores and positive coping scores, lower negative mood scores and negative coping scores, and lower cognitive, affective, perceptual and behavioral scores than patients in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). The nursing satisfaction rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control patients, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Focused solution model psychological care for chemotherapy-phase leukemia patients can improve patients' positive state of mind, enhance their positive coping behaviors, improve the degree of cancer-caused fatigue, and have significant nursing effect, which has clinical promotion value.
Leukemia, chemotherapy period, focused solution model psychological care, state of mind.