Authors

Shuai Huang1, Zhilai Zhou2, Shun Yao2, Zixiang Huang2, Hui Zhang2, *

Departments

1The Secend Clinical Medical College, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, PR China - 2Department of Spine Surgery, Guangdong N0.2 Provincial People’s Hospital, Guangzhou, PR China

Abstract

Objective: To analyse the effect of 3D printing in the treatment of scoliosis patients. 

Methods: A total of 80 patients with scoliosis that were treated in our hospital between May 2017 and May 2018 were selected as the research subjects. The patients were divided into an observation group and a control group using the random number method. Patients in the observation group received surgical treatment using 3D printing technology. The time of nail placement, the amount of blood loss during surgery, the accuracy of the nail placement, and nerve, vascular injury, and pain levels were compared between the two groups along with satisfaction and quality of life post-surgery. 

Results: The time for nail placement in the observation group was significantly lower than in the control group (P<0.05). In addition, blood loss in the observation group was significantly lower than in the control group (P<0.05), and the accuracy of nail placement was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The pain scores for patients in the observation group were also significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). In addition, the satisfaction and quality of life scores for the patients in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There were no complications such as nerve, blood vessel or visceral injuries in either of the two groups. 

Conclusion: In the treatment of scoliosis patients, the application of 3D printing technology led to significantly faster nail placement during surgery, lower intraoperative blood loss, higher nail placement accuracy, lower pain scores and greater patient satisfaction. In addition, the patients’ quality of life scores were significantly better. The patients’ surgeries were performed safely, with no complications. This study is worthy of clinical promotion and application. 

Keywords

3D printing, scoliosis orthopaedics, bone nails.

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2022_5_472