Bo Zhang1, 2, Lang Wang1, *
1Clinical Nursing Teaching and Research Section, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, PR China - 2Health Management Center, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, PR China
Objective: To analyse the prevalence rate of chronic diseases and its influence on health public security physical examination personnel.
Methods: From January 2017 to January 2019, 300 policemen who had received physical examinations were selected as cases for study and analysis. The subjects’ clinical data were analysed retrospectively. Before the survey, uniform training was provided to medical staff, and uniform questionnaires and physical examination methods were used to ensure the integrity and accuracy of all recovered data. To summarise the prevalence rate of chronic diseases and its influence on health public security physical examination personnel.
Result: Of the 300 subjects, 168 suffered from chronic diseases, representing a 56% proportion. Hypertension (69 cases), diabetes (31 cases) and hyperlipidemia (35 cases) were the principal diseases. Following these were cardiovascular diseases (21 cases), cerebrovascular diseases (10 cases) and other chronic diseases (2 cases). In the single factor analysis, the proportion of the patients in the disease group who were over 50 years old, divorced or widowed, and had irregular lifestyles was significantly higher than that in the healthy group, and the data difference was prominent. The comparison results were applicable to the statistical significance standard (P<0.05). An age of combination of over 50 years old, divorce or bereavement, and irregular lifestyles were taken as independent variables. The presence of chronic diseases served as dependent variables for the multivariate regression analysis. The results show that the independent variables were all influencing factors of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis, meeting the applicable statistical standards (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence rate of chronic diseases in health public security physical examination personnel is high. Old age and an unhealthy lifestyle are the key factors leading to chronic diseases. In the future, improving the lifestyle choices of members of the police force should be promoted to ensure their physical health.
Health public security, physical examination personnel, chronic disease prevalence, influencing factors.