Dapeng Fu1, 2, Kairong Qin3, Sheng Yang2, Jianmin Lu2, Dewei Zhao1, 2, *
1School of Biological Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning Province, China - 2Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian, 116001, Liaoning Province, China - 3School of Optoelectronic Engineering and Instrument Science, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning Province, China
Background: This study aimed to investigate the clinical value of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with core decompression (CD) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).
Methods: 40 patients with ONFH were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group with 20 cases in each. Patients in the control group underwent single CD, while those in the experimental group received bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with CD. Comprehensive evaluations were performed of postoperative inflammation indexes, Harris score, visual analogue score, postoperative curative effect, postoperative necrosis index, etc.
Result: For patients in the experimental group 6 and 12 months after surgery, the Harris scores (85.56±2.03 points, 90.44±1.78 points) were significantly higher than those in the control group. Visual analogue scores (2.05±0.53 points, 1.49±0.57 points) were lower than those in the control group. Improvement of joint function, extended walking distance, and excellent treatment rate (15 cases, 17 cases, 95%) were also significantly better than those in the control group (10 cases, 12 cases, 85%). There were 13, 6, and 1 case in the experimental group with low, medium, and high risks, respectively; 95% of which were with the low-to-medium risk. These were better than the 8 cases, 8 cases, 4 cases, and 80% in the control group. All the differences above were statistically significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Thus, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with CD had excellent clinical effects on ONFH.
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, core decompression, autologous stem cells.