Xiaoli Liu1#, Zhaopei Liu1, Lixia Zhang1, Feng Li2#*
1Department of Psychiatric, Shijiazhuang No.3 Hosptial of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, China - 2Department of Orthopaedics, Shijiazhuang No.3 Hosptial of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, China
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to understand the emotional state of patients who were isolated and observed for fever during COVID-19 and to analyze associated factors.
Materials and methods: A total of 260 patients with fever who were admitted to the fever specialist outpatient clinic of the Third Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province during the period from early February to the end of March 2020 were selected as the study objects. The basic condition questionnaire, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, and the Hamilton Depression Scale were adopted as the research tools. In total, 223 valid questionnaires were returned. The sample population was composed of 131 males and 92 females, with an average age of 42.87 ± 21.03 years. The psychological stress status of this febrile population during the isolation period was investigated.
Results: The detection rate of problems related to psychological stress among the isolated individuals was high, with anxiety and depression showing the highest incidence rates (33.6% and 16.1%, respectively). The results of the one-way ANOVA analysis showed that age, educational background, marital status, job status, and isolation duration were all correlated with anxiety and depression.
Conclusion: The isolated population showed a certain amount of stress, with the most frequently observed conditions being anxiety and depression. Health care workers should predict possible psychological problems according to the general situation of each patient and provide targeted psychological guidance and intervention to guide isolated patients to improve their psychological response to the crisis.
COVID-19, Fever, Isolation, Psychological stress, Anxiety, Depression.