Özge Aslantekin Eken*, Funda Coşkun*, Ezgi Demirdöğen*, Aslı Görek Dilektaşlı*, Ahmet Ursavas*, Ferah Budak**, Mehmet Karadağ*
*Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonology, Bursa, Turkey -**Uludag University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Bursa, Turkey
Introduction: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a group of chronic respiratory diseases characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in different patterns at the interstitium, which is the most common form of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Considering the prevalence, incidence, and outcomes of IPF, it is important to ensure the availability and validity of biomarkers that can be used in determining the diagnosis and prognosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between serum periostin levels, pulmonary function tests, 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and quality of life in IPF patients.
Material and methods: Our study was carried out with 40 IPF patients who were followed at Uludag University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Medicine. Spirometer and carbon monoxide diffusion test (DLCO) for respiratory functions, 6MWT and periostin level measurement were performed on the patients, and results were recorded.
Results: A total of 31 of patients were males and nine were females. The diagnosis of IPF was made according to the guidelines of ATS / ERS / JRS / ALAT with 25 (62.5%) patients by radiologically and 15 (37.5%) patients with histopathological and radiological features. The mean periostin level was 32.9 ± 37.57 ng/ml. No significant correlation was found between St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score, FVC% predicted, DLCO adj% predicted values, 6MWT distance and periostin level which were measured simultaneously. A negative correlation was found between SGRQ score and DLCO adj% predicted value, 6MWT distance.
Conclusion: It has been shown that there is no correlation between periostin levels and the results of the pulmonary function tests, when measured and performed at the same time. No studies are evaluating the relationship between 6MWT and SGRQ scores and periostin levels. In our study, serum periostin level, pulmonary function test results, 6MWT and SGRQ scores were not significantly correlated.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, Periostin, Respiratory function test, 6-minute walking test, George's Respiratory Questionnaire.