MARCO LA MARRA1,§, ANNA VALENZANO2,§, MARIA RUBERTO3§, RAFFAELLA PERRELLA4, ALESSANDRO IAVARONE5, SERGIO CHIEFFI1, VINCENZO MONDA1, GIUSEPPE DAVIDE ALBANO2, FRANCESCO SESSA2, GABRIELLA MARSALA6, DOMENICO CENTOFANTI7, MONICA SALERNO2, ANTONIO IVANO TRIGGIANI2,*, ANTONIETTA MESSINA1,*, GIORGIO CAVIGLIA4
1Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy - 2Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 3Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 4Department of Psychology, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy - 5Neurological and Stroke Unit, CTO Hospital, AORN ‘‘Ospedali dei Colli’’, Naples, Italy - 6Struttura Complessa di Farmacia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti di Foggia, Italy - 7National Association of Nutrition Science Specialists and Italian Society of Aesthetic Medicine
Recent findings showed that obesity represent a risk factor to developingbrain illness such as cognitive impairments and psychopathological disorders. Weight increase additively afflicts brain structure of cognitively impaired patients but is linked with poor brain volumes even in healthy subjects. Further, several studies show that subjects with psychiatric disorders are more likely than general population to be obese. Hovewer, the process by which weight gain injures cognitive abilities and psychological well-being remain unclear.In this review we analyze the relationships between obesity andbrain illness and underline the role played by covariates to determine this link.
Obesity, cognitive decline, mood disorders