VINCENZO MONDA1,§, MARIA RUBERTO2,§, INES VILLANO1§, ANNA VALENZANO3§, ANNACLAUDIA RICCIARDI4, BEATRICE GALLAI5, ROSA MAROTTA6, FRANCESCO LAVANO6, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO6, AGATA MALTESE7, GABRIELE TRIPI8,9, PALMIRA ROMANO4, MARGHERITA SALERNO10
1Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetic and Sport Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 2Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 3Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 4Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry; Department of Mental Health and Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 5Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 6Department of Medical and Surgery Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 7Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 8Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 9Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 10Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy
Movement is important for neuropsycho-physical development, ensuring the correct growth and giving many benefits from childhood to adulthood. Motor activity plays a pivotal role in psychological, educational and social terms: sport practice induces harmonious physical development with common important benefits independently from sport type and each sport imposes rules respect that children learns to know and respect step by step improving the social skills and cognitive abilities. Sport has a very important role in the growth of children and adolescents. Sport and physical activity work as a moral laboratory to practice decision- making and problem-solving skills, as well as teamwork and cooperation. In many pathological conditions, the sport practice is strongly discouraged, as in epileptic patients for the negative consequences on their physical condition and psychic. In general, seve- ral studies reported that physical activity has positive influence on seizure frequency and severity. As a result, attitudes regarding sports and epilepsy have changed considerably in the last decades and presently, the risk of convulsive seizures during sports practi- ce is minimal in case of well-managed epilepsy. Evaluating the control of convulsive disease is therefore a key point to allow sports in the children and adolescents.
exercise, synaptic-plasticity, hippocampus, epilepsy