BIRNUR YILMAZ1, HALIME ÇEVIK1, TEVFIK BERK BILDACI2, SERDINÇ ÖZDOĞAN2
1Okan University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Istanbul, Turkey - 2Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Jinecology and Obstetrics, Istanbul, Turkey
Introduction: Gestational diabetes is defined as glucose intolerance first recognized in pregnancy. Oral glucose tolerance testing is the cornerstone in diagnosing gestational diabetes. In this study, we aimed to find a new method of diagnosis in addition to conventional diagnosed by 75 gr oral glucose tolerance testing.
Material and methods: 121 pregnant woman were included part in this study, forming two groups as gestational diabetic patients (51 patients) and control group (70 pregnant woman). Both kidneys are evaluated with B Mode Ultrasound and Colour Doppler Ultrasound mode by measuring resistive index for depiction of other renal pathologies. Stiffness of renal tissue determined by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) technology utilized by two blinded radiology specialists.
Results: We were not able to find any correlation between gestational diabetes mellitus and resistivity index measurements (p>0.05). But a correlation between second hour glucose levels in oral glucose tolerance test and bilateral renal stiffness was found (p <0,05).
Conclusion: ARFI ultrasound may be a non-invasive technique in determining the course of the disease.
Renal Stiffness, Gestational Diabetes, Acoustic Radiation Force Imaging, Ultrasound