SHIMA TOGHIANI* , GHOLAM REZA DASHTI**, NASIM HAYATI ROUDBARI***, SHAHLA ROOZBEHANI****
* Department of Biology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran -
**Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran -
***Department of Biology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran -
****Department of Biology, Falavarjan branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Background and aim: Acyclovir (ACV) is a common drug used for treatment of Herpes virus infection. In this study, the role of this drug on apoptosis in rat spermatozoa was investigated along with the effectiveness of two herbal antioxidants of vitamin C (VC) and menthone in the prevention of ACV adverse effects was compared.
Materials and methods: Albino Wister adult male rats with mean weight of 200-250 g were divided randomly into six groups. Treatment groups consisted of acyclovir (ACV )at the dose of 15mg/kg/d, ACV (15mg/kg/d) and VC at the dose of 20mg/kg/d, ACV (15mg/kg/d) and menthone at the dose of 100µl/d, ACV (15mg/kg/d) and menthone at the dose of250µl/d, ACV (15mg/kg/d) and menthone at the dose of 400µl/d and control group ended the trial period without any treatment. The animals were anesthetized and epididymal sperm cells from each rats were isolated in PBS to evaluate the expression of caspase3 enzyme by flow cytometry method.
Results: The present results demonstrated a very strong supportive, protective effect along with impressive anti-apoptotic role of VC. The expression level of caspase 3 in VC receiving group was close to normal levels. Menthone, another antioxidant compound in the high dose level showed to have a strong anti-apoptotic power, against changes induced by ACV.
Challenges and threats, health transformation plan, health and prevention, self-care; qualitative study