FRANCESCO LAVANO1, DAVIDE TESTA2, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO1, ROSA MAROTTA1, GABRIELE TRIPI3,4, MARGHERITA SALERNO5, PALMIRA ROMANO6, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO2, BEATRICE GALLAI7, DANIELA RUSSO8, LUCREZIA D’ORO9, MICHELE SORRENTNO10, ROSARIA MARTINA MAGLIULO11, FRANCESCO CERRONI12, GABRIELLA MARSALA13, ANGELO MONTANA14, SABRINA FRANCO14, DIEGO GERACI14, MARIO GIUSEPPE CHISARI15, ELISABETTA PICCIOCCHI16,17, ANNA NUNZIA POLITO18, PAOLO MURABITO19, LUCIA PARISI2
1Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 2Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Italy - 3Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 4Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 5Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 6Centro di Riabilitazione LARS, Sarno, Italy - 7Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 8Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 9Centro Ambulatoriale Santo Stefano, Pesaro, Italy - 10NICU -Preterm and High Risk Newborn Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Service; Pineta Grande Hospital Castel Volturno (CE), Italy - 11Centro Studi Della Scoliosi S.R.L, Italy - 12Centro Manzoni s.r.l., Napoli, Italy - 13Struttura Complessa di Farmacia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti di Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 14Department of Medical, Surgical and Advanced Technology Sciences G.F. Ingrassia, University of Catania, Catania, Italy - 15Istituto nazionale della previdenza sociale (INPS), Catania, Italy - 16Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 17Casa di Cura Villa dei Fiori Acerra, Napoli, Italy - 18Complex Structure of Neuropsychiatry Childhood-Adolescence of Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 19Università degli Studi di Catania, Catania, Italy
The sphincterial control problems in childhood are very common, with relevant comorbidities (i.e.: difficulty in academic performance, sleep disturbances, minor neurological signs) involved in the complex process of maturation and learning, such as to cause a great deal of discomfort and related disorders in affected subjects.
Enuresis is characterized by the involuntary urination in the absence of a physical disorder, socially unacceptable in places and at one stage of life where such control is acquired by the majority of subjects (about 5 years). The present study aims to evaluate the visuospatial skills in children affected by primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE). 31 PMNE children (16 males and 15 females) (mean age 10.87, SD ± 1.68) and 61 healthy children (32 males, 29 females) (mean age 11.03, SD ± 1.85, p = 0687) were evaluated for visuomotor skills with the Visual-Motor Integration Scale (VMI). PMNE subjects show a worse performance on average to VMI, especially in the total visual-motor integration test. This finding emphasizes the impor- tance of a framework for global and more complex than is commonly implemented, across the border but framing the subject of enuretic symptoms in a more global perspective.
nocturnal enuresis, rehabilitation, visuospatial skills