ACTA MEDICA MEDITERRANEA journal is retracting this paper following on concerns raised by the Journal Owner, Mister Carmelo Pennino, the manager of Carbone Editore company. After an internal inve stigation that involved all Section Editors, the journal owner detected a suspected misconduct in terms of self-citations activity. The link of the retracted article theory-a-brief-review/pdf

Agata Maltese1, Beatrice Gallai2, Rosa Marotta3, Francesco Lavano3, Serena Marianna Lavano4, Gabriele Tripi5,6, Palmira Romano7, Lucrezia D’Oro8, Margherita Salerno9


1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy- 2Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 3Department of Medical and Surgery Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 4Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 5Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 6Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 7Centro LARS, Sarno, Italy - 8Centro Relax, Benevento, Italy - 9Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy


The attachment theory was proposed and elaborated by John Bowlby.

Over the last ten years the attachment theory has attracted considerable interest in the field of mental health as it emphasizes how relationships that are established in the earliest stages of development have an impact on man in an indefinable and lifelong manner.


attachment theory, neurosciences, fMRI, cortisol.