ANNA NUNZIA POLITO1, ELISABETTA PICCIOCCHI2,3, DIEGO GERACI4, MARIO GIUSEPPE CHISARI5, GABRIELLA MARSALA6, MICHELE SORRENTINO7, GABRIELE TRIPI8,9, MARGHERITA SALERNO10, DANIELA RUSSO11, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO13, FRANCESCO CERRONI14, PALMIRA ROMANO15, ROSA MAROTTA13, FRANCESCO LAVANO13, ROSARIA MARTINA MAGLIULO16, LUCREZIA D’ORO17, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO12, LUCIA PARISI12, DAVIDE TESTA12, PAOLO MURABITO18, MONICA SALERNO4, BEATRICE GALLAI19
1Complex Structure of Neuropsychiatry Childhood-Adolescence of Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 2Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 3Casa di Cura Villa dei Fiori Acerra, Napoli, Italy - 4Department of Medical, Surgical and Advanced Technology Sciences G.F. Ingrassia, University of Catania, Catania, I-95123, Italy - 5Istituto nazionale della previdenza sociale (INPS), Catania, Italy - 6Struttura Complessa di Farmacia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti di Foggia, Foggia, 7NICU -Preterm and High Risk Newborn Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Service; Pineta Grande Hospital Castel Volturno (CE), Italy - 8Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 9Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 10Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 11Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 12Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Italy - 13Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 14Centro Manzoni s.r.l., Napoli, Italy- 15Centro di Riabilitazione LARS, Sarno, Italy- 16Centro Studi Della Scoliosi S.R.L, Italy- 17Centro Ambulatoriale Santo Stefano, Pesaro, Italy - 18Università degli Studi di Catania, Catania, Italy - 19Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
Background: Headache is the most common painful manifestation in the developmental age, often accompanied by severe disability such as scholastic absenteeism, low quality of academic performance and compromised emotional functioning. The aim of the study is to evaluate praxic abilities in a population of children without aural migraine.
Materials and methods: The test population consists of 10 subjects without migraine without aura (MwA), (8 Males) (mean age 8.40, SD ± 1.17) and 11 healthy children (7 Males) (mean age 8.27; SD ± 1.10; p = 0.800).
All subjects underwent evaluation of motor coordination skills through the Battery for Children Movement Assessment (M- ABC).
Results: The two groups (10 MwA vs 11 Controls) were similar for age (8.40 ± 1.17 vs 8.27 ± 1.10; p = 0.800), sex (p = 0. 730), and BMI (p = 0.204). The migraine subjects show an average worse performance than the Movement ABC; specifically, migraineurs show significantly higher total score values (31.00 ± 23.65 vs 4.72 ± 2.61; p = 0.001), manual dexterity (12.10 ± 11.20 vs 2.04 ± 2.65; p = 0.009) and balance (14.85 ± 10.08 vs. 1.04 ± 1.05; p <0.001). The mean percentile of migraine perfor- mance is significantly reduced compared to controls (9.00 ± 3.82 vs 51.00 ± 24.34, p <0.001) (Table 1).
Conclusion: Migraine can alter many cognitive and executive functions such as motor skills in developmental age.
primary headaches, migraine without aura, motor skills.