Authors

ANTONIETTA MESSINA1, ELISABETTA PICCIOCCHI2,3, VINCENZO MONDA1, ANNA VALENZANO2, GIUSEPPE CIBELLI2, VALENTINA RUBERTO2, DANIELA PISANELLI2, ANNA NUNZIA POLITO4, GABRIELLA MARSALA5, ANTONELLA DI PALMA2, ANTONIA VANESSA BARONE2, MARCELLINO MONDA1, MARIA RUBERTO6, BEATRICE GALLAI7, GABRIELE TRIPI8,9, FRANCESCO LAVANO10, MARGHERITA SALERNO11, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO10, PALMIRA ROMANO12, FRANCESCO CERRONI13, DANIELA RUSSO14, FRANCESCO CERRONI16, LUCREZIA D’ORO17, ANNA NUNZIA POLITO18, MICHELE SORRENTINO19, ROSARIA MARTINA MAGLIULO20, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO15, LUCIA PARISI15, DAVIDE TESTA15, ROSA MAROTTA10, GIOVANNI MESSINA2

Departments

1Department of Experimental Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy - 2Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 3Casa di Cura Villa dei Fiori Acerra, Napoli, Italy - 4Complex Structure of Neuropsychiatry Childhood-Adolescence of Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Italy - 5Struttura Complessa di Farmacia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti di Foggia, Foggia, Italy -6CDR Santa Maria del Pozzo, Somma Vesuviana, Italy - 7Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 8Department PRO- SAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 9Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 10Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 11Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 12Centro di Riabilitazione LARS, Sarno, Italy - 13Centro Manzoni s.r.l., Napoli, Italy - 14Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 15Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Italy - 16Centro Manzoni s.r.l., Napoli, Italy - 17Centro Ambulatoriale Santo Stefano, Pesaro, Italy - 18Complex Structure of Neuropsychiatry Childhood-Adolescence of Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 19NICU - Preterm and High Risk Newborn Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Service; Pineta Grande Hospital Castel Volturno (CE), Italy - 20Centro Studi della Scoliosi S.R.L, Italy

Abstract

Pregnancy is a physiological state during which the woman’s body undergoes profound modifications. During this time, every woman must be nourished in such a way as to maintain herself in good health and at the same time allow the fetal tissues to form and develop in the best way.

Proper nutrition is one of the fundamental prerequisites for the normal evolution of both pregnancy and fetal growth: the quantity and quality of food and drinks must be scrupulously controlled.

Contrariwise, it is important to avoid the excess calories and macronutrients. In fact, during pregnancy, it may be just as harmful as their shortage, especially in overweight and obese women, for which the risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, fetal growth disorders and preeclampsia increases.

The pasta constitutes the foundation of the Mediterranean diet food. The dough can be seen, therefore, so it represents an excellent ally of the diet from a nutritional point of view. The nutritional values of the pasta change depending on the type, based on the fact that the dough is traditional or integral semolina. It also contains vitamin B and has an abundance of minerals, among which potassium.

The pasta is an easily digestible food, ensuring energy ready to use (such as all carbohydrates); moreover, it possesses a great satiating power. In case of overweight, however, it is possible to reduce the number of carbohydrates in the diet, taking care not to make them ever miss.

In conclusion, the consumption of pasta is very important during pregnancy: a diet without carbohydrates can be dangerous for all physiological pathways.

Keywords

Pregnancy, Diet, Mediterranean diet, Pasta, Nutrition.

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2018_4s_325