Authors

MICHELE SORRENTINO1, GABRIELE TRIPI2,3, MARGHERITA SALERNO4, DANIELA RUSSO5, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO7, FRANCESCO CERRONI8, PALMIRA ROMANO9, BEATRICE GALLAI10, ROSA MAROTTA7, FRANCESCO LAVANO7, ROSARIA MARTINA MAGLIULO11, LUCREZIA D’ORO12, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO6, DAVIDE TESTA6, GABRIELLA MARSALA13, ANGELO MONTANA14, SABRINA FRANCO14, DIEGO GERACI14, MARIO GIUSEPPE CHISARI15, ELISABETTA PICCIOCCHI16,17, ANNA NUNZIA POLITO18, PAOLO MURABITO19, MARIA RUBERTO2, LUCIA PARISI6

Departments

1NICU -Preterm and High Risk Newborn Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Service; Pineta Grande Hospital Castel Volturno (CE), Italy - 2Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 3Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 4Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 5Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 6Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Italy - 7Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 8Centro Manzoni s.r.l., Napoli, Italy - 9Centro di Riabilitazione LARS, Sarno, Italy - 10Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 11Centro Studi Della Scoliosi S.R.L, Italy - 12Centro Ambulatoriale Santo Stefano, Pesaro, Italy - 13Struttura Complessa di Farmacia, Azienda Ospedaliero- Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti di Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 14Department of Medical, Surgical and Advanced Technology Sciences G.F. Ingrassia, University of Catania, Catania, Italy -15Istituto nazionale della previden- za sociale (INPS), Catania, Italy - 16Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy -17Casa di Cura Villa dei Fiori Acerra, Napoli, Italy - 18Complex Structure of Neuropsychiatry Childhood-Adolescence of Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Foggia, Italy - 19Università degli Studi di Catania, Catania, Italy - 20CRD Santa Maria del Pozzo, Somma Vesuviana, Italy

Abstract

Introduction: Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a permanent and complex disability arising within the first three years of life characterized by a socio-communicative disorder and by fixed interests and repetitive behaviors. The present pilot study aims to evaluate behavioral aspects in a small population of siblings of ASD children.

Material and methods: Population: 5 school-aged children (2 males, 3 females) (mean age 9.235 ± 2.041) were enrolled, as siblings of ASD children, and for comparison, 12 healthy (7 males, 5 females) children (average age 9,528 ± 3,351). All subjects underwent evaluation of the behavioral with Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) scale.

Results: The two groups were statistically comparable by age (p = 0.86) and gender distribution (p = 0.87). From the behavioral point of view evaluated with the CBCL scale, siblings of ASD have a higher degree of overall problem (Total problems) compared to control children (p=0.003), in addition they have significantly higher scores in the subscales of behavior examined (Anxious/Depressed, Withdrawn, Somatic Complaints, Social, Thought, Attention, Delinquent, Aggressive) as well as a greater share of disturbances both internalizing (p=0.004) and externalizing (p = 0.007) (Table 1).

Conclusions: The present preliminary data confirm the need for a global management of the entire family structure for the correct management of Autistic Disorders.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders, siblings, behavior

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2018_4s_324