SHENGGUANG YAN1, JAEBOK SEO2, JINYANG ZHANG3, LIJUAN HE4
1International Education Center, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, 063000, China - 2Department of Education, Jeonju University, Jeollabuk-do,55069, Korea - 3Department of Businesss Administration, Jeonju University, Jeollabuk- do, 55069, Korea - 4Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Kailuan General Hospital, Tangshan, 063000, China
In order to clarify occurrence rate of gallstone disease among university faculty members and analyze relevant factors causing gallstones epidemiology, in this paper 5,450 faculty members from 18 different universities in six regions were selected asm research objects, which were investigated and analyzed in health screening form June to December, 2015. The results show that among 5,450 respondents, 429 were diagnosed with gallstone, with incidence rate at 7.87%; moreover, among university fac- ulty members, female members have a significantly higher risk of suffering from gallstones than male members, with statistical value in difference, P <0.05. Diagnosis results of gallstone patients were compared with those of respondents without gallstone, showing that serum cholesterol (TC), serum low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), serum triglyceride (TG) of gallstone patients were higher than those of respondents without gallstone, while serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) of gallstone patients was significantly lower than that of respondents without gallstone. It can thus be concluded that hyperlipidemia patients are more likely to have gallstone disease. In order to improve health level of university faculty, the clinical prevention of gallstone should be strengthened, and gallstone patients should be guided to give up unhealthy living habits and do more exercise.
Gallstone, Epidemiology, Predisposing factor, Investigation and analysis