FRANCESCO CUPIDO*, IGNAZIO LA MANTIA**, FRANCESCO DI CARLO***, SIMONA D’ALESSI***
*Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines – AOUP “Paolo Giaccone” Università degli studi di Palermo - **Department of Advanced Medical, Surgical and Technological Sciences – G.F. Ingrassia, Catania - ***ENT Studio Cupido Gianfranco e Francesco, Palermo, Italy
Introduction: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral cause of vertigo. It can be defined as transient vertigo induced by rapid changes in head position associated with a characteristic paroxysmal positional nystagmus. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between the serum calcium and vitamin D levels in osteoporotic patients affected by recurrent BPPV.
Materials and Methods: Calcium and 25-hydroxy-vitamin D levels were evaluated in peripheral venous serum samples of 40 BPPV patients.
Results: The reduction of serum vitamin D levels is present in 16 of BPPV patients with recurrence. After nutritional intake of vitamin D there was a decline of the vertiginous crisis recurrence.
Conclusion: Our findings suggested that the administration of vitamin D dietary supplements can improve, reduce and even eliminate the BPPV vertiginous crisis.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vitamin D, hypovitaminosis D