AGATA MALTESE1*, FRANCESCO CERRONI2*, PALMIRA ROMANO2, DANIELA RUSSO2,3, MARGHERITA SALERNO4, BEATRICE GALLAI5, ROSA MAROTTA6, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO6, FRANCESCO LAVANO6, GABRIELE TRIPI7,8
1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 3Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 4Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 5 Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 6Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 7Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 8Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France
Every day we are faced with a variety of situations that require the use of cognitive processes different, such as recognizing and memorizing stimuli, understanding and producing statements, solving problems. In recent decades, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology have made considerable advances in description of these processes and how they can be disrupted as a result of an injury to the nervous system central. However, it is clear that our adaptation to the environment is not limited to perceiving, reading, and speaking. A fundamental aspect of mental life is represented by the need to continuously modulate the use of these cognitive resources to contingent needs according to our goals and goals. It is this type of problem that refers to the expression executive func- tions (EFs). During developmental age Efs change consistently and since age of 8 years many Efs are similar to adults.
SAS; executive functioning; cognition.