Authors

AGATA MALTESE1*, FRANCESCO CERRONI2*, PALMIRA ROMANO2, DANIELA RUSSO2,3, MARGHERITA SALERNO4, BEATRICE GALLAI5, ROSA MAROTTA6, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO6, FRANCESCO LAVANO6, GABRIELE TRIPI7,8

Departments

1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 3Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 4Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 5Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 6Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 7Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France

Abstract

Executive Functions (EFs) are a complex neuropsychological tool that can lead all action of daily-life indipendently from age. The attempt to associate specific regions of the central nervous system (CNS) with specific sensory functions, motor and cognitive skills is one of the most recurring themes in the history of neuroscience. The concept of cerebral localization of mental activities started from the formulations of beginning phrenologists in Nineteenth century, passing through the holistic conceptions and antilo- calization that marked some periods of the Twentieth century, until the beginning of the new millennium, characterized by the enor- mous popularity of the techniques of functional neuroimaging and the success of research programs aiming to create a real function- al cartography of the human cerebral cortex.

Keywords

Executive Functions, frontal lobes, cortical areas, neuropsychology

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2018_4_141