AGATA MALTESE1*, FRANCESCO CERRONI2*, PALMIRA ROMANO2, DANIELA RUSSO2,3, MARGHERITA SALERNO4, BEATRICE GALLAI5, ROSA MAROTTA6, SERENA MARIANNA LAVANO6, FRANCESCO LAVANO6, GABRIELE TRIPI7,8
1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy - 3Centro di Riabilitazione La Filanda LARS; Sarno, Italy - 4Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 5Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - 6Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy - 7Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 8Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France
Anxiety disorders represent the more common psychiatric disorder in developmental age and it is estimated that a third of ado- lescents satisfy the criteria for an anxiety disorder at the age of 18.
Many researches show that the disorders of anxiety in childhood are associated with anxiety disorders in adulthood, depressive disorders and use of psychoactive substances.
Suffering from anxiety disorders, such as specific phobia, agoraphobia, social anxiety or panic disorder, represents a strong predictor for the development of other psychiatric disorders
consequential. In the literature the debate on the weight of environmental factors and genetic factors in determining the development of anxiety disorders is ongoing.
Keywords: social phobia; Separation anxiety.