SAFA SADAGHIANI1, REZA JAMHIRY*2, MOHSEN AZAD3, HAMID MAHMOODI4, ELHAM IMANI5, ROYAHEIDARI NOKAR6
1PhD Candidate of Nursing - Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services - 2Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran - 3Department of Biostatistics, Para-medicine School, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran - 4Department of Languages, Para-medicine School, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran - 5Phd Candidate of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran - 6Bachelor of social pathology majoring in the prevention of addiction, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas Health Center, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Introduction: There are a lot of quick developments in this high speed world and nursing is also one of those professions which is highly affected by these developments. A vast educational pressure as well as social and economic changes is among those ten- sions which have influenced all people working in medical professions. To cope with these conditions, psychological factors including personality, social maturity, emotional maturity, anxiety and self-esteem are very effective.
Methods: This study is descriptive-analytics.113 students studied in the field of Midwifery and paramedics in the School of Nursing participanted in this study. They completed some questionnaires such as Cattell’s Sixteen Factors Personality Inventory, Rao’s social maturity scale, Singh and Bhargava’s emotional maturity scale, Hamilton’s Anxiety Rating Scale, Coopersmith’s self- esteem scale and demographicinformation.
Results: 22 male students (19.5%) and 91 female students (80.5%) participated in this study. 104 participants (92%) were sin- gle and 9 participants (8%) were married. The average age of participants was 20.92 years. 16 nursing students (14.2%), 35 evening students of nursing (31%), 15 students of by stop course of nursing (13.3%), 15 bachelor students of anesthesia (13.3%), 15 Operating Room student (13.3%), 17 students of health technology (15%) participated in the study. 40 participants (35.4%) were studying in the second semester and 73 participants (64.6%) were studying in the third semester. The following findings were achie- ved in this study: There is a significant reverse relationship between the traits of A and B of Cattell’spersonality and anxiety and between the trait of N and social maturity. There was a significant direct relationship between the trait of C and social and emotional maturity and self-esteem and alsobetween the trait of G and self-esteem. There was a significant direct relationship between the trait of O and emotional maturity while this relationship is in reverse between the trait of O and social maturity and self-esteem. There was a significant reverse relationship between the trait of Q3 and emotional maturity while there was a significant direct relationship between the trait of Q3 and social maturity and self-esteem. The trait of Q4 had direct relationship with emotional maturity while it had a significant reverse relationship with social maturity and self-esteem.
Discussion: This study showed that there was a reverse relationship between the Reserved/Warm and personal anxiety and between concrete thinking/ abstract thinking and anxiety. There was also a relatively strong reverse correlation between emotional stability -reactiveness and emotional maturity. There was a direct correlation emotional stability - reactiveness and social maturity and between expedient/rule-conscious and self-esteem.Private/Forthright and social maturity had a significant reverse correlation with each other. Self-Assured/Apprehensivehada direct relationship with emotional maturity while these traits had a reverse relation- ship with social maturity and self-esteem. The trait of Tolerates Disorder had a direct relationship with self-esteem. Based on our fin- dings, it can be concluded that social maturity and high self-esteem reduce stress
emotional maturity, social maturity, self-esteem, Cattell’s personality, anxiety, nursing, midwifery, paramedical, students.