LADAN MOHAMADIZADEH1, BEHNAM MAKVANDI2*, REZA PASHA2, SAEID BAKHTIARPOUR2, FARIBA HAFEZI2
1Psychology PhD Candidate, Department of Psychology, Khuzestan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran - 2Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Introduction: Borderline personality disorder is known as the most common personality disorder in the field of psychiatry. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of dialectical behavior therapy and schema therapy on mood activity and suicidal thoughts in patients with borderline personality disorder in the city of Qazvin.
Materials and methods: This study in terms of purpose is an applied one and in terms of the method of data collection, can be regarded as pre-experimental and post-experimental semi-experimental study with the control group. The study population included all patients with borderline personality disorder and mood activity and suicidal thoughts who referred to Bou-Ali Hospital in the city of Ghazvin. The sample consisted of 36 students, who were selected by convenience sampling. Of these, 24 patients were randomly divided into two groups, two experimental group including12 people, and a control group consisting 12 patients. In this study, The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, The beck Depression Inventory and Scale suicide imagination Mach (SSIM) were used. Patients with the borderline personality disorder who belonged to the experimental group were under intervention for 16 section which takes long 90 minutes sessions in eight consecutive weeks under the controls. Research data was analyzed using multivariate and single factor analysis of covariance, and T-experimental was analyzed for the independent groups.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between dialectical behaviour therapy and schema therapy with regard to their effect on mood activity and suicidal thoughts at (0.05> P). The results of the Independent t-experimental also showed that there was no significant difference between dialectical behaviour therapy and schema therapy in patients with the border- line personality disorder in terms of the Suicidal thoughts variable at (0.05> P), but there was a significant difference between schema therapy and dialectical behaviour therapy in patients with the borderline personality disorder in terms of the mood activity variable at (0.01> P).
Discussion and conclusion: So, we could conclude that dialectical behaviour therapy and schema therapy should be effective in reducing mood activity and suicidal thoughts in patients with borderline personality disorder.
dialectical behavior therapy, schema therapy, mood activity, suicidal thoughts, borderline personality disorder