Authors

AGATA MALTESE1, MARGHERITA SALERNO2, PALMIRA ROMANO3, ANNACLAUDIA RICCIARDI3, TERESA DI FILIPPO1, GABRIELE TRIPI4,5

Departments

1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 3Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health and Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università€ degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Italy - 4Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 5Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France

Abstract

In 1921 Wilder defined classical cholesterol diet providing the patient with a daily calorie intake of less than 20% compared to age-related requirements. The main macronutrient is represented by saturated and long chain unsaturated fatty acids, in the ratio of 4: 1 to carbohydrates and proteins (4 grams of lipids per gram of carbohydrates and proteins). One of the first therapeutic protocols proposed is that of John Hopkins that the onset of the diet should take place in a hospital environment to assess the patient's response in a controlled situation.

Keywords

ketogenic diet, epilepsy, cholesterol, free fatty acids, administration, formulas

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2017_5_108