AGATA MALTESE1, MARGHERITA SALERNO2, GABRIELE TRIPI3,4, PALMIRA ROMANO5, ANNACLAUDIA RICCIARDI5, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO1, TERESA DI FILIPPO1, LUCIA PARISI1
1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 3Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 4Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 5Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health and Physical and Preventive Medicine; Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy
Introduction: Migraine is a common disorder in children and adolescents, associated with various disorders such as emotions, behavioral problems, and sleep disturbances.
Aim of the study is to verify the relationship between psychological problems of cephalalgic patients and sleep disturbances.
Materials and methods: 64 subjects (27 females), aged 8-12 years (mean 9.4 years, SD ± 1.03) with primary headache were enrolled. CBCL 6-18 scale and the SDSC scale were used for behavioral screening and for assessing sleep habits.
Results: According to the ICHD-III criteria, the distribution of the headache subtype was as follows: headaches without aura (71.87%), headache episodes typical of tension (7.81%) and chronic headache (7.81%) (Figure 1).
CBCL assessment (total problem element) showed an interesting relationship with sleep disorders such as DIMS, DA and SWTD (respectively r = .37, p = 0.019; r = .39, p = 0.015; r = 37, p = 0.019).
Discussion: MwA children revealed a specific behavioral phenotype characterized by internalization problems. Among migraine subjects, prevalent sleep disorders include difficulty falling asleep, increased night-time awakening, decreased sleep duration, and excessive daytime sleepiness.
Primary headaches, internalizing problems, sleep disorders