LUCIA PARISI1, MARGHERITA SALERNO2, AGATA MALTESE1, GABRIELE TRIPI3,4, PALMIRA ROMANO5, ANNABELLA DI FOLCO1, TERESA DI FILIPPO1, GIOVANNI MESSINA6, MICHELE ROCCELLA1
1Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy - 2Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Italy - 3Department PROSAMI, University of Palermo, Italy - 4Childhood Psychiatric Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, CH Chinon, France - 5Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry; Department of Mental Health and Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania-Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy - 6Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetics and Sports Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) affects up to 4% of pediatric population, with many co-morbidities in the medium-long term. Functional alterations in prefrontal cortex (PFC) may explain why OSAS impacts aspects such as: executive functions, memory, motor control, attention, visual-spatial skills, learning and mood regulation. Emotional intelligence (EI) is a com- plex neuropsychological function that could be impaired in many clinical conditions. Aim of the study is to evaluate the difference in emotional intelligence skills among children with OSAS and healthy subjects
Materials and methods: 29 children (16 males) mean age 9.5 ± 1.54 years, affected by OSAS were compared with 60 typical developing children similar for gender (p = 0,871), age (p = 0,934) and socio-economic status (p = 0.714). Bar-On emotional quo- tient inventory, youth version (EQ-i: YV) was used in order to assess the Emotional Quotient.
Results: Apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) results to be 8.76 ±3.45 with medium desaturation index (ODI) amounting to 2:52 ± 21.5, average saturation 92.7±4.8 %, average desaturation 4.9 %.
OSAS children have significant differences in Interpersonal scales (84.95 ± 07.03 vs. 99.61 ± 8.96; p <0.001), Adaptability (7:36 ± 79.61 vs. 101.32 ± 9.4; p <0.001), Stress Management (72.48 ± 8.14 vs. 98.44 ± 5.19, p <0.001), QE Total (81.28 ± 11.03 vs. 102.14 ± 9.62; p <0.001). Pearson correlation analysis shows an inverse relationship between QE total and ODI (p <0.01).
Conclusion: Our findings tend to highlight the role of intermittent hypoxia in OSAS effects genesis, involving also aspects dif- ferent from physical impairments.
emotional intelligence, OSAS, sleep apnea, Bar-On emotional quotient inventory; EQ-i: YV