FATEMEH TARAVATI1, KHADIJEH IRANDOUST2, ALIREZA RAHIMI3
1MS student, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch - 2Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini International University - 3Department of Sport physiology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
Background: regular exercise and garlic complement can independently improve lipid profiles. However, combining these life- style modifications may be more effective than either intervention alone. Therefore, We examined the effects of 8 weeks High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) with and without garlic supplement on some lipid profiles in obese inactive women.
Method: The study used a 3-experimental group, pretest and posttest design with 40 obese women of mean age 35.9±1.7 years (BMI, more than 30) whom were purposefully selected and randomly divided into three experimental groups and control group. The first experimental group followed a 8-week training program on 3 days/week; the second one underwent on the same training program with garlic supplement intake simultaneously; the third group has just garlic supplement and a control group with no training and sup- plement. before taking primary and final blood samples, the 24-hour diet recall questionnaire was used to control the subject’s diet the day before taking blood samples. Total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides were assessed by the enzymatic colorimetric method on an Architect C8000 system using the respective reagent kits. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cho- lesterol was calculated using the Friedewald formula.
Results: Improved lipid profiles were detected in the HIIT exercise and garlic complement in obese inactive women (p≤0.05) . The results indicated that garlic supplementation and exercise training improved all lipid profiles including TG, HDL, LDL, Chol/HDL and VLDL, while the combination of HIIT and garlic supplement may have more significant effect on lipid profiles (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: HIIT exercise and garlic complement improves the lipid profiles such including LDL, HDL, Cholesterol and Triglyceride in obese inactive women. It appears that HIIT exercise and garlic supplement may represent an effective approach for improving lipid profiles in obese inactive women individuals
HIIT, garlic complement, lipid profiles.