Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara Turkey 


Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the leisure satisfaction scores according to participation in outdoor recrea- tion activities.

Material and methods: Participants of this study consisted of 101 men and 97 women with the total of 198 people (X age= 29.68±9.79) who volunteered for the study. Leisure satisfaction was measured with “Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS)” developed by Beard and Raghed (1980) and the Turkish validity and reliability of the scale was measured by Karlı et al. (2008). Additionally a “per- sonal information form” was adopted in order to collect data concerning the demographic information and outdoor recreation partici- pation of the sample. Independent samples t test was used to determine the differences of leisure satisfaction levels of participants according to their active or passive participation in these activities.

Results: According to the findings, significant differences were obtained in leisure satisfaction scores (total(3.723)=196, p=0.000) and in four sub-dimensions of the scale which were Psychological (t1(4.191)=196, p=0.000), Educational (t2(2,373)= 159.7, p= 0.019), Relaxing (t3(2.852)= 196, p= 0.005) and Physiological (t4(4.442)= 196, p= 0.000) according to active or passive participation in outdoor recreation activities.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the findings of this study present that leisure satisfaction scores are affected by active and passive participation in outdoor recreation activities. As a result, the findings of this study demonstrate that leisure satisfaction differs accor- ding to active/passive participation in outdoor activities. Participating in outdoor activities in an active manner may enhance indivi- duals' levels of leisure satisfaction. 


Outdoor recreation, leisure satisfaction, participation in outdoor recreation activities.