Authors

MOHAMMAD REZA HAFEZI AHMADI1, MOJGAN JAVEDANI2, BAHARE GHIASI3, SAMIRAMIS GHAVAM4,*

Departments

1Department of Pathology, Ilam university of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran - 2Research and Clinical Center of Gynecology and Fertility, Shahid Akbarabadi Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - 3Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran - 4Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran 

Abstract

Introduction: Phase angle is the ratio between cell mass and fat-free tissue and a cell health indicator which is measurable through bio-impedance analysis with 50 KHZ alternating current and can be interpreted as a voltage and a wave-form current. Diabetes mellitus contains a group of metabolic disorders that are in common in terms of appearance characteristic of hyperglycemia. Micro-albuminuria of urine albumin amounts 30-300mg/24h and the higher values are for diagnostic diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between Phase angle and micro-albuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients with a history of more than 5 years of the disease in the city of Ilam.

Materials and methods: This is an analytical-practical case-control study and statistical society includes two case and control groups with an average age 52.06±6.69 years in case group and 50.02±5.42 years in the control group. The sample size in each group has been designated equal to 50 and data analysis is performed using SPSS and parametric and Non-parametric statistical methods and the related tests.

Conclusion: The average Ph.A was obtained equal to 5.87±1.42 in the case group and 7.29±0.355 in the control group which statistically significant relationship exists between the two groups in Ph.A value (P<0.000). Average micro-albuminuria was 67.32±75.92 in the case group and 0.276±0.147 in the control group which there was a significant relationship statistically between the amount of micro-albuminuria within the both groups (P<0.000).

Discussion: By investigation of the relationship between ph.Angle and micro-albuminuria in diabetic patients it can be conclu- ded that the amount Ph.A reduces with the increase of micro-albuminuria and by increasing micro-albuminuria, the variables of ove- rall body water volume, intracellular water and extracellular water relatively increase and fat mass relatively decreases. 

Keywords

phase angle, micro-albuminuria, diabetes, Ilam.

DOI:

10.19193/0393-6384_2017_2_052