Authors

HESAMEDDIN HAMISSI*, ZAHRA HAMISSI**, JALALEDDIN H HAMISSI***

Departments

* Dentist - **Dental student, College of Dentistry, Shahied Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - ***Associate Professor in Periodontics and Dental Caries Prevention Research center, College of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review of nanotechnology, nanomedicine and nanodentistry in the present situation, as well as in the time to come.

Background: Nanotechnology is a phenomenon present since the late 1950’s, its manipulation of matter on the molecular and atomic levels. And currently find a strong ground in the field of dentistry. Dentistry is frequently facing revolutions in order to provide a most reliable and comfortable therapeutic options have made dental procedures less painful, fast, reliable, effective and safe for the patients. Recently nanotechnology has emerged as a new science exploiting specific phenomena and direct manipulation of materials on nanoscale. Application of nanotechnology in dentistry holds promise for the maintenance of comprehensive dental care by employing non material’s including tissue engineering and ultimately nanorobots. A day may soon come when nanodentistry will succeed in maintaining near-perfect oral health through the aid of nanorobotics, non materials and biotechnology. The purpose of this review paper highlights the current status and the role of non material’s and their potential to be used in the diagnosis and clinical applications in management of oral diseases.

Methods and materials: The literature review has been conducted from 2000 till 2014 in Pub Med; Google Scholar; Science Direct; Medline databases were searched for relevant English papers. The searched key words were: nanodentistry; nanotechnology; nanoparticles; nanomedicine; nanorobots.

Conclusion: Studies indicated widespread applications of nanotechnology in different fields of dentistry such as prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Use of nanoparticles as antimicrobial agents in conjunction with other oral hygiene tools such as toothpastes may prevent many oral and dental conditions. Also, application of nanostructures enables faster and easier detection of oral cancers and assessment of the saliva for presence of viruses, proteins or specific markers. Last but not least, Nano capsules, Nano coatings and Nano antibiotics make possible more efficient treatments.

Keywords

Nanodentistry, Nanomaterials, Nanorobots, Nanotechnology, Nanoscale Materials.