MOHAMMAD NIKZADIAN*, FOROOZANDEH DASHTI**, MARYAM OSTADSHARIF MEMAR***
* Master of Science Nursing, Department of Nursing, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran -
**Lecture, Faculty of Member, Department of Nursing, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran -
***Associate (PhD), Faculty of Member, Department of Basic Sciences, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Introduction: Genetic diseases has long been a significant part of human disease and death. Genetic counseling plays an important role in the prevention of genetic disorders and the need for careful planning to raise public awareness about the importance of genetic counseling is recommended. Community health nurse in genetic counseling at all three levels of prevention and comprehensive care and family-centered unique role. For this purpose, this study examines attitudes to genetic counseling for pregnant women from the perspective of nurses.
Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study and a comparison (between Pregnant Women with Consanguinity and Nonfamily marriage) in 2015 prenatal care clinic in Shoushtar on pregnant women less than 16 weeks of gestation (the time allowed to abortion According to the laws of Iran). Data were collected by questionnaire(making researcher) and samples were investigating the case. Content validity with teachers, and reliability with Cronbach's alpha was confirmed by an average of 0/752. Sampling was available and sample 110 was based on the criteria of the study. Data analysis by descriptive statistics and analytical and statistical software SPSS 20 was conducted.
Findings: The results showed that 48 patients (43/6 percent), marriage was family, and 62 patients (56/4 percent)was non-consanguineous marriage.58/3 percent with consanguineous marriage and 25.8 percent of patientswas with non-marriage family.among your relatives have a history of genetic counseling. Among the causes of action to genetic counseling for mothers, having consanguinity most common cause (75 percent). Among the barriers to genetic counseling for Pregnant mothers with consanguineous marriage, not an advocacy organization, such as insurance, the most common cause (68/8 percent) and among women with non-familial marriages financial debility is the most common cause (69/4 percent).
Conclusion: The results, for genetic counseling should be a change in public attitudes. And a global strategy to be developed using a comprehensive genetic services. In addition to the financial and cultural constraints that inhibit the development and implementation of prevention programs is genetically correct. In cities due to particular cultural context, consanguinity is common, genetic counseling before pregnancy and fetal genetic health check procedures mandatory component of prenatal care to be announced.
Genetic Counseling, Pregnant Women, Consanguinity and Non-family marriage, Prenatal Care.