SHAKERI NADER1*, SOHEILY SHAHRAM2, YADEGARI ELHAM3
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran -
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Shahr- e - Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran -
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Aim: Adiponectin is an adiposity secreted hormone that plays a pivotal role in lipid and glucose metabolism that may also be a
marker for coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of endurance training on Adiponectin and
insulin resistance in overweight female university students.
Methods: In this regard, 20 sedentary young women subject (BMI ≥ 25) have randomly been divided into to two similar groups
(endurance training and control). The endurance training program was performed three days a week for 12 weeks at a definite intensity
and distance. Before and after 12 weeks intervention, Adiponectin, weight and body composition, Vo2max were measured for all
subjects. Data were analyzed by independent t-test (p≤ 0.05).
Results: the results illustrated that endurance training caused a significant difference in Adiponectin, Vo2max, body weight
and fat percent of the body of the experimental group in comparison to control group.
Conclusion: endurance training leads to a significant increase of the levels of Adiponectin and significant decrease in insulin
resistance. This suggests that the insulin resistance is affected by endurance training that may be mediated, even partially through
increased Adiponectin in overweight female university students.
Endurance training, Adiponectin, Insulin Resistance, Sedentary Young Women.