Authors

PARVIN MANGOLIAN SHAHRBABAKI1, ESMAT NOUHI2*, MAJID KAZEMI3, FAZLOLLAH AHMADI4

Departments

1 PhD candidate of nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran - 2 Assistant Professor, Physiology Research Center, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran - 3 Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran - 4 Professor, Nursing Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-331, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Heart failure is a chronic debilitating disease that is often associated with complexities in treatment and care. Therefore, patients need the support of their families to adapt to their new condition. This study explored the role of family support for patients with heart failure.

Methods and results: This qualitative study was performed in hospitals affiliated with the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in southeastern Iran. Eighteen patients with heart failure were selected through purposive sampling. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The experiences of participants were presented in the four classifications of “Family as an emotional support”, “Family as a source of information”, “Family physical care”, and “Family as a financial support”.

Conclusion: According to the findings, family caregivers play an important role in patients’ well-being and compliance with their new state by providing various aspects of care. It is essential that healthcare providers determine the education requirements of family caregivers so as to implement training programs aimed at enhancing their knowledge and skills.

Keywords

Heart failure, family support, coping, qualitative study.